Roger Reynolds: Flute Force

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Four Etudes (1961)

Other composers on the CD:
Ingolf Dahl
Harvey Sollberger
Preston Trombly
David Evan Jones
Peter Bacchus

Liner notes by Peter Bacchus

Primary Artist(s): Wendy Stern, Flute, Rie Schmidt, Flute & Piccolo, Peter Bacchus, Flute & Piccolo, Gretchen Pusch, Alto Flute

Label: CRI CD 581

Dates of recording: 1989

Year of release: 1990

Produced by: Malcolm Addey


The Four Etudes for Flute Quartet were composed in Ann Arbor, in response to the high level of interest in new music performance that was aroused by the now notorious ONCE Festivals. The basic instrumentation of piccolo, two "C" flutes and alto is shifted upwards in the final etude, when the first flute converts to second piccolo. The opening etude, a brisk allegro, concentrates on individual and pyramiding articulative patterns. The second, an adagio, concerns itself with breath control and ensemble balance, with spatial displacement complementing a subtle tendency towards klagfarbenmelodie. The third is more gesturally interactive and aggressive, but incorporates an accompanimental whir of tremolos, trills and runs which remain at the close. The final etude is a presto that comprises four linked outbursts of accumulating intensity.

– from the liner notes